Mountaineering: refers to a sport activity in which athletes climb mountains from low altitude to high altitude with bare hands or special equipment under specific requirements. Mountaineering can be divided into mountaineering exploration (also known as alpine exploration), competitive climbing (including rock climbing, ice climbing, etc.) and fitness mountaineering. Mountaineering equipment should be adapted to the environmental conditions of mountaineering. It should be as light, strong, efficient and versatile as possible in design, material selection, material use and production.